Comparison of ETFs with other mutual funds
In essence, ETFs trade like stocks and therefore offer a degree of flexibility unavailable with traditional mutual funds. Specifically, investors can trade ETFs throughout the trading day as in stocks. In comparison, in a traditional mutual fund, investors can purchase units only at the fund's NAV, which is published at the end of each trading day. In fact, investors cannot purchase ETFs at the closing NAV. This difference gives rise to an important advantage of ETFs over traditional funds: ETFs are immediately tradable and consequently, the risk of price differential between the time of investment and time of trade is substantially less in the case of ETFs.
ETFs are cheaper than traditional mutual funds and index funds in terms of fees. However, while investing in an ETF, an investor pays a commission to the broker. The tracking error of ETFs is generally lower than traditional index funds due to the "in-kind" creation / redemption facility and the low expense ratio. This "in-kind" creation / redemption facility ensures that long-term investors do not suffer at the cost of short-term investor activity.
ETFs can be bought / sold through trading terminals anywhere across the country. Table No. 1 presents a comparative view ETFs vis-à-vis other funds.
ETFs Vs. Open Ended Funds Vs. Close Ended Funds
|Parameter||Open Ended Fund||Closed Ended Fund||Exchange Traded Fund|
|Liquidity Provider||Fund itself||Stock Market||Stock Market / Fund itself|
|Sale Price||At NAV plus load, if any||Significant Premium / Discount to NAV||Very close to actual NAV of Scheme|
|Availability||Fund itself||Through Exchange where listed||Through Exchange where listed / Fund itself.|
|Uses||Equitising cash||-||Equitising Cash, Hedging, Arbitrage|
|Intra-Day Trading||Not possible||Expensive||Possible at low cost|